Worthwhile Mistakes

04/09/2019 – For my kin and Kith. “Even a mistake may turn out to be the one thing necessary to a worthwhile achievement” Henry Ford advised. Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American industrialist and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.

With the current economic fundamentals today, no one should sit comfortably on their laurels and facebooking, whatsapping, instagramming, selfing the who day and night. Not ukwikala fye NDWII umungulu mungulufye. Umuntu kusakana. Kweshako. Ukutatala. Bembas have a very funny saying, “Mukashi wandi njipikila isembe, ifintu kwesha besha” (Ask your neighbour to interpret for you.

When you attempt something ambitious and make a mistake, you can fix that mistake. But if you never make the attempt, you can’t go back and reclaim the wasted opportunity. Act, create, speak, build, write, sing, dance, explore, even if you do it badly at first. You’ll get better and better as you go along. The catch word is to start something. Embark on that dream. That assignment you have been thinking of.

Life is a series of experiences, each one of which makes us bigger, even though sometimes it is hard to realize this. For the world was built to develop character, and we must learn that the setbacks and grieves which we endure help us in our marching onward. – Henry Ford encouraged us.

Be willing to be a fool and you’ll be able to be a genius. The greatest achievements are those that have never been done before. What have you never done before? What purpose have you avoided fulfilling because you didn’t know how or where to start?

Stay true to yourself, yet always be open to learn. Work hard, and never give up on your dreams, even when nobody else believes they can come true but you. These are not cliches but real tools you need no matter what you do in life to stay focused on your path. – Phillip Sweet

The place to start is precisely where you are. The way to start is to do whatever you’re able to do, without any further delay. Write the first draft, and then you’ll have something to edit. Take the first action, and suddenly you’ll be on the path to achievement.
Have a blessed week and take care of yourselves and your loved ones. KEKK 09/2019

Problems in the City

05/09/2019. AmaFYA. Mapesho. Mapenzi. Amachusho. PROBLEMS in the City. “We can NOT solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them” Albert Einstein advised.

Whether it is Corruption in Nigeria or Kenya, Xenophobia (Hatred by Black South African People against other Black Foreign Nationals and ensuing violence against them), National Debt, Climate Change/Drought, Food Shortage, Mealie Meal Prices, Power Load Management etc, the above sage is apt.

At a macro level (Personal household level), it is similar. Maybe the question or problem you’re faced with doesn’t have a good answer, or at least not one you can find right away or in any forseeable future. And maybe you can be a little bit comfortable with that. Perhaps, despite all your best efforts, not everything gets resolved before the end of the day or end of the week or end of the month or indeed, end of the Year. And maybe you can get a great night’s sleep, and have a delightful weekend, nonetheless.

Just remember that “Most of us never stop to consider our blessings; rather, we spend the day only thinking about our problems. But since you have to be alive to have problems, be grateful for the opportunity to have them”. – Bernie Siegel advised. Yalikosako iyi advise but reality check confirms that everyone has challenges of different magnitude.

Sure, it’s fine to get all the issues resolved, tied up in a nice, neat conclusion. But it’s not essential, and it rarely happens like that anyway in real life in all continents. You can live a great life for a long time, even with lingering complications and unanswered questions. Don’t put your life on hold waiting for all the problems to be solved. They will never be solved not by nations and not by individuals.

In life, you’re going to have a lot of problems. Everybody’s got problems. Some is worse than others. Some is sickness. Some, like me, you’ve got problems that you don’t like that come up. But you’ve got to handle them. – Tom Benson said. Sometimes a myriad of them. Taputapu. A lot of them at the same time or concurrently. Sometimes, Kuichailafye. That is the way we get by. Life goes on. No one gets out of this life alive anyway.

Living a moderate, public, private or rich and joyous life does not prevent you from resolving the difficult issues. On the contrary, it helps you prioritize things and discover effective ways to deal with them. Work diligently to solve the problems, to get the answers. While you do, live well, gently refusing to let anything keep you down. Keep walking. Keep on pushing ma FILES. Stay well and be blessed. KEKK09/19

Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) in Zambia: Public Perception and Perspective of the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC)

08/09/2020 – Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) in Zambia: Public Perception and Perspective of the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC). Delving into history and background. The legal provisions that outlawed corruption in independent Zambia were first contained in the penal code, CAP 146, Chapter X of the laws of Zambia. This legislation was exclusively concerned with “corruption offenses by persons employed in the public sector” but did not take offense with corruption transactions by or with private bodies or agents. It was therefore inadequate in as far as “fighting corruption” is concerned. The Zambia Police Force (now Service) which was charged with the duty of enforcement was also not able to adequately deal with corruption offenses. In 1980, a bill in parliament was passed that culminated into the establishment of the Anti-Corruption Commission that was going to deal with corruption cases exclusively. The Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) is the Agency that is mandated and Zambian citizens expect ACC to spearhead the fight against Corruption in Zambia professionally, effectively and efficiently. The Commission was established in 1980 under an Act of Parliament, the Corrupt Practices Act No. 14 which has since been repealed. Settled, the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) is the main body tasked to combat corruption in Zambia. ACC investigates and prosecutes, conducts corruption prevention and community sensitization. The Anti-Corruption Commission is mandated to perform the following functions1. Prevent and take necessary and effective measures for the prevention of corruption in public and private bodies; 2. Receive and investigate complaints of alleged or suspected corrupt practices, and subject to the directions of the Director of Public Prosecutions, prosecute those suspected of involvement in corruption; 3. Investigate any conduct of any public officer which in the opinion of the Commission may be connected with or conducive to corrupt practices; 4. Disseminate information on the socio-economic effects of corrupt practices, and enlist and foster public support against corrupt practices; and, 5. Do such things as are incidental or conducive to the attainment of the functions. In its efforts to effectively, efficiently and professionally perform these functions, the Commission has established five (5) main departments namely: Investigations; Legal and Prosecutions; Corruption Prevention; Community Education, and; Finance and Administration.The ACC Mission Statement has been tabulated as follows: “To effectively and impartially prevent and combat corruption in order to promote integrity, transparency and accountability for the attainment of a corruption-free Zambia” whereas their Vision Statement is “A proactive, impartial and professional anti-corruption agency that promotes the attainment of a corruption free Zambia”. The ACC Values among many others are; Integrity, Excellence, Accountability, Respect, Confidentiality, Transparency, Collaboration, Impartiality, Loyalty, Responsibility and Patriotism. The ACC Website (not sure when it was last updated) sates; The Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) Mission Statement is “To effectively prevent and combat corruption in order to promote integrity, transparency and accountability for sustainable development in Zambia” while its Goal Statement is to “To achieve a significant reduction in the levels of corruption in Zambia”. The Vision Statement is “To be a lead institution of a broad sector alliance for combating corruption”. The Anti-Corruption Commission Core Values for Officers of the Commission are also guided by eight fundamental core ethical values in their performance of their duties. These include: Integrity, Excellence, Accountability, Respect, Confidentiality, Collaboration, Impartiality, Loyalty, Responsibility and Citizenship as contained in the ACC Code of Ethics. The Act Number 3 of 2012 which was assented into law on 12th April, 2012 is an Act to continue the existence of the Anti-Corruption Commission and provide for its powers and functions which are to; provide for the prevention, detection, investigation, prosecution and punishment of corrupt practices and related offences based on the rule of law, integrity, transparency, accountability and management of public affairs and property; provide for the development, implementation and maintenance of coordinated anticorruption strategies through the promotion of public participation; provide for the protection of witnesses, experts, victims and other persons assisting the Commission; provide for nullification of corrupt transactions; provide for payment of compensation for damage arising out of corrupt activities; provide for the domestication of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption, the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption, the Southern African Development Community Protocol Against Corruption and other regional and international instruments on corruption to which Zambia is a party; repeal and replace the Anti-Corruption Act, 2010; and provide for matters connected with, or incidental to, the foregoing.The background of the Anti-Corruption Commission lies in these efforts to fight this scourge of corruption. The Commission is mandated to spearhead a broad Anti-Corruption Mandate of the investigation, prosecution, prevention, and public education. This mandate anchors the Commission’s core functions of enforcement, prevention, education which are a pillar of its existence. Those who worked under the late Justice Robert M Kapembwa and Paul Douglas Russel fondly called this “the three-pronged attack” on corruption. The Anti-Corruption Commission is mandated to prevent and take necessary and effective measures for the prevention of corruption in public and private bodies. The Commission receives and investigates complaints or cases of alleged or suspected corrupt practices (like complaints or allegations against Ronald K Chitotela and others against Dr. Chitalu Chilufya), and subject to the directions of the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP), prosecute those suspected of involvement in corruption. Investigating any conduct of any public officer which in the opinion of the Commission may be connected with or conducive to corrupt practices. It is important to mention that the DPP can access the investigations and prosecution file, review the witness statements, evidence collected, Bank Statements, Transactions, warn and caution statements administered and statements from suspects and after being satisfied that the matter merits prosecution in courts of law, gives a FIAT – a Legal consent and authority for ACC to formally arrest and prosecute the case in court. These approaches sometimes require joint efforts with other Law enforcement Agencies like in the case of the Task Force on Corruption or the GHOST 48 Houses which up to date, Zambia Police Service, Drug Enforcement Commission, and several other Security Services have FAILED to establish, determine, know or share the details of the owners of the said property. The Anti-Corruption Commission also disseminate information on the socio-economic effects of corrupt practices, and enlist and foster public support against corrupt practices; and, do such things as are incidental or conducive to the attainment of the functions. Under the Community Education, the Commission should have and must go ahead and be encouraged and supported to develop a deliberate policy of inculcating a culture of zero-tolerance for corruption among the youth through youth festivals, school anti-corruption clubs, and school curriculum. The Charity begins at home concept and citizens not to glorify THIEVES and condone CORRUPTION starts with all members of the community. Together, various ways including partnering with the private sector, NGOs, civil society like TIZ, artists and the general public should be and must be adopted to achieve the goal. “The three-pronged approach and attack” on Corruption resemble many jurisdictions, especially around the African Region. The ACC Departments and what they are expected to do. A). Investigations Department – Investigations of suspected cases of corruption and related crimes are conducted by this Department of the Commission. The Department thus houses one of the Commission’s core functions. The Department’s principal functions are:1. To receive and investigate complaints of alleged or suspected corrupt practices2. Intelligence gathering and data analysisOnce the ACC receives reports of alleged or suspected corrupt practices the Director General then authorizes inquiries to be conducted. Those found with cases to answer under the ACC Act are taken to court for trial and the Commission is represented by the Legal and Prosecutions Department. It is however important to note that an investigation can lead to the following outcomes:1. Prosecution of the accused once enough evidence of the commission of an offence is adduced and the Director of Public Prosecutions gives consent to prosecute the suspected offender.2. Exonerating an accused person if there is no evidence that points to wrong doing.3. Administrative action where evidence is insufficient to sustain a case in court or prove to the commission of an offence beyond reasonable doubt. In such a situation where evidence is insufficient, but the Commission believes that there is a loophole for corruption or an accused could have engaged in bad behavior which cannot be proved to be corruption, an investigation can end up in a recommendation for administrative action.4. The Commission can refer any case to any relevant agency that is deemed to have adequate authority to deal with cases that do not fall under the Commission’s jurisdiction. Some cases of outright fraud, theft, drug abuse and the like have been referred to the Zambia Police or the Drug Enforcement Commission for them to competently handle.The Anti-Corruption Act No 3 of 2012 spells out what constitutes an offence of corruption for which the Commission will investigate and prosecute. According to the Act these offences include:1. soliciting, accepting, obtaining, giving, promising or offering of a gratification in return for a favor. The Act defines gratification as any corrupt payment, whether in cash or in kind.2. Misuse or abuse of public office for private or personal gain.3. A public officer who lives beyond one’s past and present official emoluments. This offence suggests that a public officer must prove that the wealth they have acquired is within their past and present official emoluments. If they fail to provide an explanation of how they acquired such wealth or property, this may be deemed to have been corruptly or ill-gotten. The challenge of who bears the burden of proof between the accused and the accuser is still an ongoing Social media and live debate in the Cases against Chitotela, Chilufya and Chimese. B). Legal and Prosecutions Directorate is charged with the responsibility of prosecuting offences under the Anti-Corruption Act No 3 of 2012. Section 6 (1) (b) (ii) of the Act also empowers the Commission to prosecute such other offences under any written law that may come to the attention of the Commission in the course of an investigation for corruption. (The Anti-Corruption Act No 3 of 2012). This Legal and Prosecutions Directorate carries out the prosecutorial functions of the Commission which includes:1. Rendering legal advice on the on-going inquiries and giving legal opinions on dockets upon conclusion of any inquiry.2. The Department also drafts all charges and consents for DPP’s consideration and prosecutes all cases of corruption and such other offences that may come to the attention of the commission in the course of any investigation of corruption.3. The Department also represents the commission, in collaboration with the Ministry of Justice, in all civil matters.4. It also undertakes legal research in order to enhance the capacity of the ACC to implement its mandate.It should be noted that when ACC Investigators are carrying out investigations against, high profile Politically Exposed Persons (PEPs) like Minister Chitotela, Chilufya or ZAF Commander Chimese, the Legal and Prosecution Department (with a pack of qualified Lawyers and Prosecutors) do advise, give legal opinions and they are participate in drafting the charges and consents for DPP’s consideration and Prosecutors from this Department may guide which State witness to call first, second, third before the Star witness in Court of Law. In Dr. Chilufya’s case, the Prosecutor decided to call “CHIPULI” first and consequently ACC suspended him without any Investigations. Comedy of Errors or was ACC just not ready to proceed with the case? One wonders why the same ACC did not recommend suspension of Chitotela and Chilufya as they investigated serious offences of corruption…but like in Animal farm the errant SMALL fish will be hanged upside down and dried in the sand like CHISESNSE. We are where we are (It is what it is) because of these two Departments at ACC – Investigations and Legal/Prosecutions. They will be held accountable. C) Community Education Department – Is responsible for disseminating information and fostering public support against corruption through education and awareness programs as provided under the Anti-Corruption Act No. 3 of 2012. It is also responsible for cultivating and managing relationships with stakeholders and promoting the vision and corporate identity of the ACC. It is important to add here that, for any information and messages to be well received accepted and implemented by the Community, the TONE at the top and exemplary behaviour and conduct by powers that be and ACC Officers themselves need to inspire confidence. It is very difficult for a weed smoking dad discouraging children from smoking dagga when he is still rolling one in an old newspaper and puffing the smoke in their faces. D) Corruption Prevention Department – Is responsible for providing technical and advisory services to public and private sector institutions with the objective of preventing the occurrence of corruption.The Department’s principal functions are as follows:1. lead the ACC’s co-ordinating role of Government anti-corruption programmes and activities by developing and facilitating the implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Policy and Implementation Plan aimed at achieving a harmonized and focused anti-corruption fight;2. conduct research and surveys to generate baseline information on corruption in order to facilitate the development of appropriate measures for the effective prevention and combating of corruption;3. examine the practices and procedures of public and private bodies in order to facilitate the discovery of corrupt practices and secure the revision of methods of work or procedures which may be prone and conducive to corrupt practices;4. advise public and private bodies on ways and means of preventing corrupt practices through the revision and implementation of administrative procedures and methods of work compatible with the effective performance of the client body’s duties;5. liaison with respective public bodies, develop and implement programmes and activities aimed at enhancing integrity and public service delivery by staff;6. maintain a national level data-base on corruption to facilitate decision-making on anti-corruption;7. monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of institutional programmes and activities.The Department also sits on various Standing and Ad hoc Committees to enhance transparency and accountability in the delivery of public services. In this regard the Department is divided into three Units namely: Institutional Advisory; Corruption Prevention Operations, and; Research. One personal comment regarding this Department, is that they need to constantly review the performance of the Integrity Committees, the work of Internal Auditors in both Private and Public Organization, analyze the Auditor General’s Report and the National Assembly’s Public Account Committee Reports. Fully understand why year in and year out MDAs (Ministries, Departments and Agencies, including Commissions) keep on repeating same mischief, misconduct, dishonest conduct and come up with the Strategic Policy on how to effectively combat corruption, otherwise the ACC risks losing face by members of the public. E) Human Resource and Administration – is responsible for providing resource management and administration services that supports delivery of operational outputs of other departments in the Commission and facilitates their performance. The department’s principal functions are:1. Human Resource Management, Development, Financial Management, Office Administration, Secretarial Service, Records Management, Information Technology and Communications. The challenge of nepotism, employing relatives, cadres, the sons and daughters of Commissioners, Other staff members in the manner OOP, DEC, Immigration, ZPS, ZAF, ZNS, Army, UNZA and CBU should be discouraged. Employ on merit. TO BE CONTINUED!

Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) in Zambia: Public Perception and Perspective of ACC

“ THE Lusaka High Court has upheld the conviction slapped on former Ministry of Health Chief Human Resource Development Officer, Henry Kapoko and two others for theft by public servant and money laundering involving K6.8 million” .

Justice Chisunka said the grand theft by the trio led to the donors pulling out, with the vulnerable not accessing proper medical care. In this matter, Kapoko and five others were facing 20 counts of theft by public servant involving over K6.8 million. The suspects were also facing 49 counts of money laundering involving 24 vehicles, two lodges, three houses, a filling station and several bank accounts, among other things. Magistrate Zulu found them guilty and sentenced them to nine years imprisonment on each of the two counts but the five being dissatisfied, appealed to the High Court. Do not ask how long this case has been going on.

After an acquittal followed by public outcry, the freed man and Former Health Permanent Secretary, Dr. Kashiwa Bulaya, was convicted on three counts of abuse of authority and corruption and was sentenced to five years imprisonment with hard labour on all charges. Kitwe based Principal Resident Magistrate, Edward Musona, in his ruling said he was satisfied that the prosecution had proved the case against Dr. Bulaya who was charged with abuse of authority. It was alleged that between August 17 and October 31 2001, he abused his authority by disregarding laid down tender procedure to engage BUTICO A1 to supply medical drugs to the ministry of health. It was alleged that between August 17 and October 31 2001, Dr. Bulaya corruptly received K11, 913 Million cash gratification from Dr. Angelo Yousov as  an inducement for awarding a contract to BUTICO A1 for supplying drugs to the ministry of Health.

I have picked on these two cases investigated by the ACC just to contrast with the other Health Ministry Senior official, One Dr. Chitalu Chilufya, MANSA Central MP and current Minister of Health who has just been acquitted as the ACC Officer testifying in the matter allegedly shocked not only to the presiding Magistrate, his Professional Colleagues, Employers but many Law-abiding and God-fearing Zambian Citizens. Yet many others are not perplexed at all. It was expected, just like it may be expected in the pending case of Ex-ZAF Commander General Chimese and property built on Kasanga Chungu’s titled land. By the way, and probably coincidentally, all the names above so far seem to be pointing to the Six-out-of-ten, the now infamous tribal cousinship joke of 6/10.

Let us look at some litany of allegations of corruption cases which have waned away, died a natural death, gone like water under the bridge.

  1. Dr. FTJ Chiluba’s allegations eventually led to an acquittal. Zambians still wonder weather the $8m in ZAMTROP account was surrendered to the owner, the widows, family members, GRZ, Treasury, OOP or Pardoner. 
  2. Regina Chiluba’s case. After conviction by the lower court, she was acquitted by the Panel of 3 High Court Judges who said the cases were not properly investigated
  3. Mr. RB Banda’s immunity removed. Allegations against him and his sons eventually led to acquittals.
  4. Dora Siliya’s RP Capital – ZAMTEL and Radar System Sagas are water under the Bridge
  5. Thandiwe Banda’s Mpundu Trust Kabulonga Property Case thrown out
  6. Dr. Situmbeko Musokotwane and Thousand Bicycles in the Garage never went anywhere
  7. Austin Lyato and his underground Banking system of K2b led to an acquittal and Zambians will never know where the money came from and how it was utilized
  8. GBM’s allegations against Wynter Kabimba at ACC never went anywhere
  9. Wynter Kabimba’s counter allegations against GBM never saw any light of the day.
  10. Allegations of corruption against Chishimba Kambwili and his corruption and buildings of his Housing Complex never culminated into anything. He faces a case of forging his Son’s signature when son was allegedly in UK
  11. Ex-Community Development Minister Emerine Kabanshi, fired after US4 million British Aid to Zambia meant for social cash transfer beneficiaries did a hide and seek within the corners of ZANACO Bank Account. Funds had disappeared and resurfaced or discovered in a Bank account. Minister, PS and Directors were fired in 2018. No prosecution up to date.   
  12. Ronald Kaoma Chitotela’s arrest, prosecution, acquittal and celebrations by family members and Party Cadres was noted by Zambians.  
  13. Dr. Chitalu Chilufya’s allegations, Warn and Caution Statement, eventual arrest, prosecution, witness testimony and acquittal are the awash in the press and social media.
  14. Ex-ZAF Commander General Eric Chimese was arrested in 2019 and the matter is before court while those arrested later but accompanied by LUAPULA CHIEFS have been acquitted. Fili uko Tuleya. Zambians can almost predict the outcome.
  15. The list goes on. And on…and on. You may wish to add your own…

Here below are some documented views and sentiments of Several Zambians;

  1. Martin Mushumba of Higher Education Authority, Zambia and Jeet Sapkota of Kwansei Gakuin University in January 2018, wrote a book entitled; UNDERSTANDING CORRUPTION IN ZAMBIA: AN ANALYSIS OF THE CHALLENGES IN ERADICATING THE SCOURGE. In their Abstract, they asserted that “ Corruption is an obstacle to the development of any society and the general welfare of the people. Among its dreadful effects include the compromise in economic efficiency, increase in the cost of doing business, and the deprivation of citizens’ access to basic goods and services. Besides, corruption perpetuates poverty and undermines development. Apparently, corruption remains a major problem in Zambia despite the existence of a number of anti-corruption watchdogs and rigorous changes in the law to curb the vice. The public sector remains the most severely affected. Reviewing corruption trends in Zambia from 1964 to 2017 shows that corruption has increased since the transition into multiparty democracy and the subsequent economic liberalization of 1991. In this regard, many studies have been conducted on corruption in Zambia. However, substantial amount of literature available show that most of the studies have been meant to confirm the existence of corruption in Zambia, and little effort has been made towards establishing what had made the corruption elusive to eradicate within the Zambian society. This paper asserts that corruption had found its resting place in Zambia spreading its ugly fangs across all sectors of the economy because of lack of political will to fight the vice, lack of transparency and accountability, poor enforcement of the law and a rampant culture of political patronage. This paper further provides recommendations that could be considered in the country’ s efforts to put an end to corruption. It recommends that Government shows political commitment towards the fight against corruption, restructuring of the public sector and consistently engage the Auditor General’ s office and the Anti-Corruption Commission to explore means of closing the gaps that facilitated corruption in the public sector”.
  • Another Zambian, Brian Chama in his book “Anti-Corruption Tabloid Journalism in Africa” Sheridan College (Oakville), pp.21-37. Brian’s Abstract “discusses anti-corruption tabloid journalism practice in Zambia arguing that it operates in an environment designed to shut tabloids down. He focuses on the copper shipment scandal in which copper revenues in millions of dollars were swindled over the period of several years through South Africa’s company Marcol, set up by Zambian government officials to inflate freight charges on shipments. Brian looks at the slush fund scandal which involved the dishing out of money by President Frederick Chiluba’s regime using illegal offshore accounts which were fueled by the culture of brown envelopes popularly known as slush fund to hang on to power. He discusses the Zamtel scandal in which Communications and Transport Minister Dora Siliya hired RP Capital Partners Limited to value Zamtel assets to sale seventy-five per cent of shares for US$257 million with the government only recovering US$15 million. Brian concludes that there exists a culture of political patronage and corruption with impunity in Zambia among leaders making exposure by tabloid newspapers a serious risk that often results in arrests and imprisonment including the closure of tabloid newspapers”
  • EPHRAIM KABUNDA MUNSHIFWA – Department of Real Estate Studies, School of the Built Environment, Copperbelt University, Zambia ephraim.munshifwa@cbu.ac.zm prepared a Paper for presentation at the “2018 WORLD BANK CONFERENCE ON LAND AND POVERTY” The World Bank – Washington DC, March 19-23, 2018 titled “CUSTOMARY LAND GOVERNANCE IN ZAMBIA: INERTIA, CONFUSION AND CORRUPTION. Ephraim argues in his abstract that “The need for a “good” governance structure on customary land in Zambia is now more urgent than ever before. High demand by multinationals, local investors, urban elites, local bureaucrats and politicians, is putting pressure on customary land to reform or commercialize. And yet the State has opted to “move more slowly” on reforms affecting customary land. With limited administrative mechanisms at the hands of traditional leaders, taken as custodians of customary land, the results have been confusion and corruption in the governance of this land. This paper argues that this inertia to reform has a long history, starting from pre-independence at the time reserves for indigenous communities were established in 1928, into the current debate on the National Land Policy. Constant squabbles between the State and traditional leaders on which way reforms should take have also contributed to this quandary”
  • Jones John Kalyongwe, Mubiana Macwan’gi, Balimu Mwiya and M. Muya of the University of Zambia wrote an article in 2018 entitled “ How Contextual Factors Fuel Corruption in the Procurement Cycle of Construction Projects”. They stated that “Corruption has long pervaded the construction industry in Zambia, as it involves interaction between various stakeholders and involves a certain level of cooperation in order to coordinate the numerous activities which make up the construction process. The balance between activities which legally facilitate this process and those which are tainted by concepts of corruption is not always clear. Corruption is commonly defined as the “abuse of public power for private benefit” (Rodriguez et al., 2005, p. 383), but it goes beyond public officials and often affects businesses and supply chains as well (Dixit, 2015; Cuervo-Cazurra, 2016). Corruption has many connotations and interpretations, varying according to time and place (Rose-Ackerman and Palifka, 2016). The common dimensions of corruption involve exchange, violation of norms, abuse of power, indirect victims and secrecy (Rabl and Kühlmann, 2008). The scale and complexity of many construction projects, together with the number of parties participating, the geographical locations where they are performed and the legal systems to which they are exposed can make them especially prone to bribery and corruption. This paper therefore is focused on how contextual factors fuel corruption in procurement in the Construction Sector. Findings from a two years’ study, Options for Reducing Corruption in Procurement: The Case of the Construction Sector in Zambia, reveal that how people are socialised to relate to parents, elders and leaders has an effect on how corruption is perceived. In addition, evolving culture has led to a misinterpretation of cultural norms and its current use is aiding corruption.

Wilful Blindness & Deliberate Avoidance of Facts

WILFUL BLINDNESS by the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) – The Commission may be breaching the Law. I will try to break it down in simpler terms for several others to follow from the Zambian perspective. Here is a scenario: Temwani Twakondwera Mabvuto Matsautso was a private (RATSA) unregistered PSV Taxi driver). He has been formally arrested and charged jointly whilst acting together together with 4 accused persons and others unknown on a burglary or Bank Robbery case. Mabvuto’s defence in court was that he hadn’t known that he was taking part in a burglary/Bank Robbery. He claimed he genuinely thought he was simply driving some innocent looking Zambians to and from a business meeting they claimed that they were attending. In convicting Mabvuto for 10 years with hard labour (to be incarcerated at Mwembeshi Open Prison (call it Corrective penitentiary if you like) for aiding and abetting the Bank Robbery, the Magistrate HAMUSANKWA HAMUDUDU rejected Mabvuto’s explanation and plea on the grounds that his accomplices had put black stockings over their heads and armed themselves with shot batons, machetes, (Pangas), screwdrivers, knives, guns, shamboks and a variety of other dangerous tools prior to exiting the car he was driving and heading to the Banking Hall entrance. He should have known that Bank customers don’t enter the Bank premises armed to the teeth and with black Head socks on. Mabvuto had the mobile phone at the time and must have called 911 or reported to the nearest Police Station had he been a good Zambian citizen.

Similarly, A well trained and professional investigator who has been attested (with legal power and authority to effect an arrest) goes to Chalala, finds 4 or 8 tenants out of the 48 houses. Tenants are hesitant to disclose the details of the Landlord. As an investigator, he or she knows that records can be retrieved from Lusaka City Council (LCC and His Worship the Mayor – Miles Sampa confirmed that LCC have records and knows who owns the 48 houses), Ministry of Lands – Hon. Jean Kapata would be more than happy to avail details, we hope and pray that Kingsley Chanda at ZRA – is collecting property withholding taxes. PACRA and many other sources. The Investigators go back to the Office and report their end of the road – hitting a brick wall efforts to ACC Command. The Acting DG goes to the press and tell the World and its wife…the ACC inabilities, incapabilities, impossibilities, inadequacies etc. Alas the dismal explanation does not fully satisfy the general populace, Infact, the cover up attempt invokes anger in them. The rest is history. Nkani izibika!

‘WILFUL BLINDNESS’ can/may lead you into trouble. When a person “consciously avoids” the facts, or fails to adequately resolve “suspicious indicators” or significant inconsistencies, arising in connection with the due diligence process or in connection with unusual transactions, that person may be deemed to have been wilfully blind to the illegal source of funds. Wilful blindness often results in a person being deemed to have knowledge of the illegal source of funds resulting in possible criminal prosecution. In the US courts wilful blindnes is defined as the “DELIBERATE AVOIDANCE OF KNOWLEDGE OF FACTS” or “PURPOSEFUL INDIFFENCE” – This is equivalent to “ACTUAL KNOWLEDGE” of the illegal source of funds or of the intentions of a customer in a corruption or money laundering transaction. In corporate criminal liability would mean that the person’s wilful blindness can be attributed to the person’s employer i.e.the Anti-Corruption Commission who sent the Investigators or the Acting DG to embarrass the Commission. Such suspicious activities let to the Head of State to unleash other Bulldogs from the Ministry of Home Affairs (ZPS and DEC) through Honourable Kampyongo to go and sniff better than the ACC did. ACC many have sent the Poodles – fluffy maltese with no teeth instead of the German Shepherds.

SUSPICIOUS:- An English judge has described suspicion as “A degree of satisfaction, not necessarily amounting to belief but at least extending beyond speculation, as to whether an event has occurred or not”; and“Although the creation of a suspicion requires a lesser factual basis than the creation of belief, it must nonetheless be built upon some foundation”. At certain points, therefore, it becomes unreasonable either to suspect or not to suspect somebody of something, and this is an area of great personal and corporate legal risk, because failing to report a suspicion is, as you no doubt know by now, not only a breach of the AML Law (that is why FIC reports on typologies), but also a criminal offence in most of the countries.

Let us all remember that owning property in Zambia is not an offence. The owner should be bold enough to come out in the open! Lest we forget, Thandiwe Banda and the MPUNDU Trust came up some years back and RB and a platoon of Lawyers went to court and challenged the ACC alleged forfeiture of the said property. As of today we all know who built the plush apartments and who collects the Rent money! Lol! I hope and pray that the 48 houses case will not die Yet another natural death like the 42 fire Tender Trucks, General Chimese’s case and many others! Stay well and be blessed – KEKK2019

HAPPY FATHERS DAY

06/21/2020 – Deep reflections on the FATHER’s “SUN”Day. Morning “Online” Prayers and I go out jogging. Hot and Humid in the Sunshine State, but a man has to do what a man has to do. I come back home and take a cold shower. Breakfast and upon, checking my phone, messages have flooded my phone. It is FATHERS Day. Thanks a lot. One “chain” message from several colleagues from across the globe went like this. “Had to do it bro. I Nominate you for the Most loving and hardworking Dad Award. You must send to 15 dads and make their day. Sometimes u just need to hear it. You’re an awesome dad, doing a great job and you’re so loved!”

Now, as a Dad, I’m dedicating this to my Children. In our African Ubuntu, by extension, to all my nieces and nephews, friends and neighbours children, all their friends and anyone below the age of 35. Yes, all the Youth and young and old enough to be my children or indeed anyone who cares to listen to this “Happy Father’s Day” in June 2020.
The first thing you must do is see your destination. Though it sounds ridiculously obvious, the world is filled with people who are striving to get somewhere they haven’t even fully imagined. It’s not enough to desire something different, or to want to get away from where you are. You must be specific about what you do want, and where you do seek to be. Don’t waste time complaining or arguing about what is. Don’t drain all your energy worrying about the problems, challenges and pitfalls. You are, right now, blessed with the near-miraculous power to do great things. Imagine exactly what those things might be, and put that power to work.

If you believe in yourself and have dedication and pride – and never quit, you’ll be a winner. The price of victory is high but so are the rewards. – Paul Bryant
When you get into a tight place and everything goes against you, till it seems as though you could not hang on a minute longer, never give up then, for that is just the place and time that the tide will turn. – Harriet Beecher Stowe

“Correct me, LORD, but only with justice — not in your anger, lest you reduce me to nothing”(Jeremiah 10:24). God is love! God is also Holy and Righteous! If he did not lovingly and tenderly correct us, none of us could survive before His awesome perfection. Yet our God has chosen to give us His undeserved mercy and kindness as He corrects us and molds us to be more like him.

The most authentic thing about us is our capacity to create, to overcome, to endure, to transform, to love and to be greater than our suffering. – Ben Okri
Enough to get started.

Whether you have a lot to work with or you don’t have very much, there’s one thing you do have. You have enough to get started, so go ahead and take the first step. Whether you know everything there is to know or you know almost nothing, you certainly know enough to get started. Once you’re in motion, you will surely learn a whole lot more.
Whatever must be done will not be done by waiting for the perfect conditions. The fact is, you can take the first step, and the step after that, no matter what the conditions may be. The resources, relationships, ideas, knowledge and expertise you seek are all connected to you in some way. To activate the connection you must activate yourself, and get to work.

Get to work, and suddenly you find ways to transform what you need into what you have. Get to work, and with every effort new pathway may open up to you. Achievement is calling, and there’s no good reason to wait another moment. You already have enough to get started, so do. You are wired to succeed. The more you work, the luckier you will become. You are Wired differently. Stay Safe, Be blessed. KEKK – 21/20202

Happy Father’s day Part2

06/21/2020 – Deep reflections on the FATHER’s “SUN”Day. Morning “Online” Prayers and I go out jogging. Hot and Humid in the Sunshine State, but a man has to do what a man has to do. I come back home and take a cold shower. Breakfast and upon, checking my phone, messages have flooded my phone. It is FATHERS Day. Thanks a lot. One “chain” message from several colleagues from across the globe went like this. “Had to do it bro. I Nominate you for the Most loving and hardworking Dad Award. You must send to 15 dads and make their day. Sometimes u just need to hear it. You’re an awesome dad, doing a great job and you’re so loved!”
Now, as a Dad, I’m dedicating this to my Children. In our African Ubuntu, by extension, to all my nieces and nephews, friends and neighbours children, all their friends and anyone below the age of 35. Yes, all the Youth and young and old enough to be my children or indeed anyone who cares to listen to this “Happy Father’s Day” in June 2020.
There are two fundamental choices in life. We can either move forward or we can move backward. Standing still and just staying where you are is not really an option. Rocking Chair and a Rocking horse make movements, but they don’t go anywhere. The end game is to move forward and in the right direction. Albert Einstein said, “We can never solve a problem on the level on which it was created,”. What difficult and annoying problems are we living with and complaining about, that may have simple, elegant solutions that are right there, out in the open, to see? Even though the problem whines for attention, it’s important to step back from it and to look at the whole situation. That’s when the positive possibilities will suddenly make themselves apparent.
Consult not your fears but your hopes and your dreams. Think not about your frustrations, but about your unfulfilled potential. Concern yourself not with what you tried and failed in, but with what it is still possible for you to do. – Pope John XXIII
We should not wait; the time will never be ‘just right.’ We may just have to start from where we are, where we stand, and work with whatever tools we may have at our command, and better tools will be found as we go along. – George Herbert. But umuntu kwambako first.
What it does mean is that you must find a way to make positive progress on your own terms. Life is inherently dynamic and to full experience the best life has to offer, you must be dynamic too. If you attempt to just stay where you are, you’ll look out the window and feel yourself moving backward.
Where there is a will, there is a way. If there is a chance in a million that you can do something, anything, to keep what you want from ending, do it. Pry the door open or, if need be, wedge your foot in that door and keep it open. – Pauline Kael
The other great habit we need to cultivate and develop is the great art of letting go and moving on. Letting the by-gones be bygones. Let the sleeping dogs lie and move on. Sometimes, you might be going along great, making progress, enjoying the effort, and then an unexpected interruption crashes your efforts to the ground. So, deal with the interruption, then let it go, and move on.
You’ve worked long and hard to achieve the results you desire, but the results you end up getting are not what you wanted. Accept the disappointment, learn all you can from it, and move on.
Out of the blue, something new and wonderful suddenly comes into your life. So, enjoy the moment fully, and then move on.
Whether it’s pleasant or unpleasant, expected or unexpected, fulfilling or disappointing, life brings new substance every day. Live it fully, making the most of what comes, and then get moving along.
Don’t keep fighting against the bad stuff that’s already occurred, or continue clinging to the good stuff that’s already over. Let what has happened be what has happened, and move on.
Whether it’s been wonderful or disappointing or a mixture of both, be thankful for whatever you’ve just experienced. Feel your renewed inspiration, activate your new strength, and move positively on.

Stay Safe. Stay Blessed. From Happy Father’s Day. Happy Grandad. KEKK/21/2020

Happy Father’s Day part1

06/21/2020 – Deep reflections on the FATHER’s “SUN”Day. Morning “Online” Prayers and I go out jogging. Hot and Humid in the Sunshine State, but a man has to do what a man has to do. I come back home and take a cold shower. Breakfast and upon, checking my phone, messages have flooded my phone. It is FATHERS Day. Thanks a lot. One “chain” message from several colleagues from across the globe went like this. “Had to do it bro. I Nominate you for the Most loving and hardworking Dad Award. You must send to 15 dads and make their day. Sometimes u just need to hear it. You’re an awesome dad, doing a great job and you’re so loved!”
Now, as a Dad, I’m dedicating this to my Children. In our African Ubuntu, by extension, to all my nieces and nephews, friends and neighbours children, all their friends and anyone below the age of 35. Yes, all the Youth and young and old enough to be my children or indeed anyone who cares to listen to this “Happy Father’s Day” in June 2020.

The first thing you must do is see your destination. Though it sounds ridiculously obvious, the world is filled with people who are striving to get somewhere they haven’t even fully imagined. It’s not enough to desire something different, or to want to get away from where you are. You must be specific about what you do want, and where you do seek to be. Don’t waste time complaining or arguing about what is. Don’t drain all your energy worrying about the problems, challenges and pitfalls. You are, right now, blessed with the near-miraculous power to do great things. Imagine exactly what those things might be, and put that power to work.

If you believe in yourself and have dedication and pride – and never quit, you’ll be a winner. The price of victory is high but so are the rewards. – Paul Bryant

When you get into a tight place and everything goes against you, till it seems as though you could not hang on a minute longer, never give up then, for that is just the place and time that the tide will turn. – Harriet Beecher Stowe

“Correct me, LORD, but only with justice — not in your anger, lest you reduce me to nothing”(Jeremiah 10:24). God is love! God is also Holy and Righteous! If he did not lovingly and tenderly correct us, none of us could survive before His awesome perfection. Yet our God has chosen to give us His undeserved mercy and kindness as He corrects us and molds us to be more like him.

The most authentic thing about us is our capacity to create, to overcome, to endure, to transform, to love and to be greater than our suffering. – Ben Okri

Enough to get started

Whether you have a lot to work with or you don’t have very much, there’s one thing you do have. You have enough to get started, so go ahead and take the first step. Whether you know everything there is to know or you know almost nothing, you certainly know enough to get started. Once you’re in motion, you will surely learn a whole lot more.

Whatever must be done will not be done by waiting for the perfect conditions. The fact is, you can take the first step, and the step after that, no matter what the conditions may be. The resources, relationships, ideas, knowledge and expertise you seek are all connected to you in some way. To activate the connection you must activate yourself, and get to work.

Get to work, and suddenly you find ways to transform what you need into what you have. Get to work, and with every effort new pathway may open up to you. Achievement is calling, and there’s no good reason to wait another moment. You already have enough to get started, so do. You are wired to succeed. The more you work, the luckier you will become. You are Wired differently. Stay Safe, Be blessed. KEKK – 21/20202

CAMS & CFE

Thursday 10/10/2019 @6.6pm – Random Thoughts and Reflections –
Today, I received a call from bayama ba Kanabesa ba Professor Kenneth K Mwenda. As usual, our conversations and interactions since 1986 have been social, jovial, professional, Private, Personal, Confidential, interspersed with light moments of motivation, encouragement and updates on wide ranging topics and subjects. Kutali twafuma. Twalyabuka akamana ifwe. (Via Chester Singing Banjo Song)

After saying our goodbyes, I vividly recalled a similar phone conversation in which 10 years ago, Professor Kenneth K Mwenda encouraged, pushed, motivated me to embark on a certain trajectory in my career path. Uncharted waters then. Read on.

As a result of that phone call, Ten (10) year ago, July 2009 to be specific, I found myself in Cape Town South Africa for the first and last time. The purpose? Sitting for Professional Examinations Professor Kenneth K Mwenda encouraged me to pursue.

The Background. I started working for my 4th Official Employers – Standard Chartered Bank Group based in Zambia on 1st October 2008.

My initial contract negotiated with Standard Chartered Bank had conditional fulfillment clause of passing ACAMS Examinations. Zambia had no Examination Centre then. I decided I would write the Professional Exams in Cape Town in South Africa instead of Botswana or Tanzania which had similar Centers. Zambia had no such Exam Centre then. It was a great excuse to fly to Cape Town using Company per diem and all expenses paid for.

I was booked at Raddison Blue Water Front with windows overlooking the famous Robben Island. Away from home, alone in the middle of the night studying, the fear of failing the Exams in a foreign land after your employers have spent so much money gripped me. Moreover, three of my daughters were scheduled to write primary/elementary and middle and senior secondary school exams respectively that year. The thought of losing the moral authority to urge my children to study hard and pass exams was becoming real. The what if I failed the exams in Cape Town constantly crossed the mind. Many that I know have failed several times before passing this Exam on their 4th attempt. Takwaba ati Mature tawa! Balawa mabo. What with daily social pressures?

On Friday the 10th of July 2009, I earned and received an elite and prestigious Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialist (CAMS) designation. I was and still remain the third (3rd) Zambian National to have received this widely recognized CAMS® credential by the Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists® (ACAMS®), the world’s leading organization of professionals in the Anti-Money Laundering (AML) field based in Miami, Florida – USA.

The 1st and trend setter Zambian to have received the CAMS certification is Professor Kenneth K Mwenda. The 2nd was Dr. John Machayi who was working for Finance Bank then. I was the 3rd and the 4th was Solomon Caleb Ngoma who was Assistant Commissioner at the Anti-Money Laundering Unit of DEC then. It is coincidentaly interesting to note that the 4 above named Zambians happened to have been in the same shoot – intake and outtake at UNZA from 1986 up to their graduation on 15th December 1990 for their respective First Degrees.

For the avoidance of any doubt, the CAMS (Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialist) designation is awarded to professionals who successfully complete a rigorous examination demonstrating their aptitude and expertise, and broad-based knowledge on the challenging topic of international anti-money laundering detection and enforcement.

The examination covers money laundering and terrorist financing methods, the best practices to stop these crimes, the principal legislation in place worldwide, global AML standards and developing defenses for financial institutions to prevent terrorist financing and money laundering. ACAMS headquarters is in Miami, Florida, USA. See link here https://www.acams.org/

Within Standard Chartered Bank Africa, I was the third member of staff to have such a qualification after Stewart Odendaal and Chris Stein. My matrix boss (STEW) as we fondly referred to him was so impressed with me.

My Job description was expanded, my job role extended and portfolio widened. I was promoted to a post of Area Head in charge of Southern and Eastern Africa reporting to Regional Head Financial Crime Risk Compliance for the Middle East and Africa.

Umuntu Kutasha filya. Thanks for your personal motivation Professor Kenneth K Mwenda. Keep on aspiring to Inspire us before we expire. Tuleya tulekula ka. Moral Lesson is Motivation may come anytime in one’s life from anywhere including from Agemates and Intakemates especially those selfless people we all look up to. Thanks 🙏.

Because of you, your personal visit to my office on the infamous 5th Floor of Standard House along Cairo Road in Lusaka, and my extended portfolio, in February 2013, a Press release prepared in Austin, Texas in the USA copied to my Country MD/CEO, Africa Regional and Global Bosses (Bosele – Kopala vibe) went like this; “Kunda Kalaba (CAMS) Earns CFE Credential” – Austin, TX USA – 9 February 2013, The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE), the world’s largest anti-fraud organization and leading provider of anti-fraud training and education, is pleased to award Kunda Kalaba of Lusaka in the Republic of Zambia the globally preferred Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE) credential. To become a CFE, Kunda Kalaba has met a stringent set of criteria and passed a rigorous exam administered by the ACFE.

Kalaba has successfully met the ACFE’s character, experience and education requirements for the CFE credential, and has demonstrated knowledge in four areas critical to the fight against fraud: Fraudulent Financial Transactions, Fraud Prevention, and Deterrence, Legal Elements of Fraud and Fraud Investigation.

Kunda Kalaba joins the ranks of business and government professionals worldwide who have also earned the CFE certification. Kunda Kalaba is currently the Area Head – Financial Crime Risk Operations for Southern and East Africa, Country Head Financial Crime Risk for Zambia and Country Money Laundering Prevention Officer (CMLPO).

Again, I was the 3rd Zambian to have been awarded this CFE certification after Roy Sikwibele of The Central Bank of Zambia and Davies Kafwimbi of Zanaco then who encouraged me to go for it. Thanks 🙏 team. I still serve on the World Advisory Body of the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (CFE)

For further clarification, Certified Fraud Examiners (CFEs) have the ability to: examine data and records to detect and trace fraudulent transactions; interview suspects to obtain information and confessions; write investigation reports; advise clients as to their findings; testify at trial; understand the law as it relates to fraud and fraud investigations; and identify the underlying factors that motivate individuals to commit fraud. CFEs on six continents have investigated more than 1 million suspected cases of civil and criminal fraud.

The ACFE is the world’s largest anti-fraud organization and a premier provider of anti-fraud training and education. Together with million members, the ACFE is reducing business fraud world-wide and inspiring public confidence in the integrity and objectivity within the profession. Identified as “the premier financial sleuthing organization” by The Wall Street Journal, the ACFE has captured national and international media attention. For more information about the ACFE visit ACFE.com.

As alluded to earlier, some of the important and memorable moments; places I have been privileged to visit, faces I have met, tendencies, personality and characters of different people I have had to encounter, from both the professional and social perspective, looped in sweeping, concise narratives have been as a result of friends, colleagues, family, bosses who have played significant role in my life.

Each of us is a mere wayfarer in the journey of life, like everyone else I am indebted to all the people I have had to meet along the way, people whose input has had a bearing, on my progress as a person and in my professional life. Above all else is the debt of gratitude I owe to certain people whose love, understanding, empathy and encouraging attitude no amount or manner of citation can repay. Umutu Kutasha. Thanks so very much and God bless you all the more. KEKK 2019.The ACFE is the world’s largest anti-fraud organization and premier provider of anti-fraud training education and certification.About This WebsiteACFE.COMAssociation of Certified Fraud ExaminersThe ACFE is the world’s largest anti-fraud organization and premier provider of anti-fraud training education and certification.

Align with Treasured Dreams

Sunday-06/10/19 – Random Thoughts and Reflections.
Fifty years after the first thirty-three (33) independent African states gathered in Addis Ababa to form the Organization of African Union (OAU), now the African Union (AU) whatever the difference it makes in dropping the word Organisation, the continent is looking ahead towards the next fifty years.
On the occasion of the Golden Jubilee of the OAU, Africa‘s political leadership acknowledged past
achievements and challenges and rededicated itself to the Pan African vision of ―an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena.” Agenda 2063, a plan for Africa‘s structural transformation, was agreed upon by the African Union Golden Jubilee of May 2013. Transformation indeed when Xenophobic Attacks In RSA, Nationalism in many Countries, Hot spots in Sudan, Congo DR, CAR, confusion in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya Rtc. Julius Malema of RSA criticized the 2063 claiming the old Folks in current leadership won’t even be there in 2063 to realise their far fetched dreams. Time is now, not 2063!

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which started a global effort in 2000 to tackle the indignity of poverty did not achieve that very much although Consultants, Program and Project Managers may have achieved personal aggrandizement. MDGs have been inevitably replaced by Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) whose broad objectives are to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing our world. Sounds hazy, vague and difficult to measure real and tangible results. Vague in Monitoring and Evaluation of such Projects. Looks like another Failed Project before it even takes off because of unmeasurable outcomes impossible to tabulate.

The Vision 2030, Zambia’s first ever written long-term plan, expresses the aspirations of the Zambian people to be accomplished by the year 2030. It is believed to have articulated the appropriate national and sector goals to meet people’s aspirations (presuming we all know exactly what the 17 million Zambians aspire on a daily, weekly, monthly and yearly basis). It is argued that it is based on policy-oriented research on key national strategic issues and on a process of discussion and dialogue with the private sector, civil society and the general citizenry on the long-term goals and future of Zambia. The same Zambians failing to agree on the National Dialogue and Bill 10. The same teams responsible for pro longed Load shedding Lol.

The Seventh National Development Plan (7NDP) is for the period 2017- 2021 (2 years gone, 2 more years to come most of which time will be spent on Politics and National wide Campaigns for 2021 Elections. It looks like Presidential Campaigns and Party mobilisation have started for some Political Parties. High time for Party Convention and intra-party democracy and internal elections folks). The 7NDP is aimed at attaining the long-term objectives as outlined in the Vision 2030 of becoming a “prosperous middle-income country by 2030. We seem to have heard that song before and several times! Middle income, whatever that means to our rural folks and grandparents. The goal is to create a diversified and resilient economy for sustained growth and socioeconomic transformation driven, among others, by agriculture. Flamboyant and aspirational sweet-coated words sounding like a NAREP Political Party Manifesto. The President nafileka ifima Politics! Lol! (The HOW has always been a challenge)

The 7NDP is said to have responded to the Smart Zambia transformation agenda 2064 and embeds in it the economic recovery necessary for the actualization of a Smart Zambia. This is alleged to be in support of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the African Union Agenda 2063. We are still waiting for his Worship, the Mayoral Promissory Note of Free Internet Wi-Fi within the Capital City Lusaka in 90 days. The Glorious Band sang one song “Ukulanda Kwalyanguka ukubomba kwalishupa”. Reality Check.

“Doing the Best at this moment puts you in the best place for the next moment”, Uyu umwanakashi uyu uwakwata Ulupiya ulwingi sana ukuchila muchipimo imintapendwa – uyu batila Oprah Winfrey advised that.

At a macro level, when the details of the moment confound and frustrate us (and frustrations are many, that is why Mpombo, Aka, Enock , Chipimo, Pule, and many others abandon Politics and try something else) we all need to draw inspiration from the goal, the purpose, the vision we seek to fulfill. When that vision seems hopelessly far away, we should strive to find solace in our ability to take small yet meaningful steps toward it from right where we are. Set your aim high, and set your focus on the moment. Aim for the moon, so that in the event that you don’t reach there, you will still be among the shining stars of the World. Keep yourself aligned with your most treasured dreams, and keep yourself busy with the practical, useful, effective efforts that will bring those dreams to fruition. Don’t over indulge. Hangover is officially an illness, at least in German.

If you want to be the best, you can’t take the path of least resistance. Every morning, you wake up, and your mind tells you it’s too early, and your body tells you you’re a little too sore, but you’ve got to look deep within yourself and know what you want and what you’re striving for. – Antonio Brown. Umuntu kwima nokuya mukusamba nokuya mukufwaya ifyakuchita. Not ukwikala fye Ndwii!

Keep your aim far ahead and keep your focus upon all you can do right now. Let your work benefit from and be inspired by your purpose, and enable your purpose to be fulfilled by your work. The big picture will motivate you to keep going. The small details will create the pathway for you to get there.

Don’t lower your expectations to meet your performance. Raise your level of performance to meet your expectations. Expect the best of yourself, and then do what is necessary to make it a reality. – Ralph Marston

Many people dream but never fulfill those dreams. Too many others stay busy but never really are headed anywhere. By aiming far and focusing near, you can be both a dreamer and a doer, someone who follows a dream and actually reaches it. Give purpose to your actions and actions to your purpose. Aim far, focus near, and work your way to exactly where you want to be. Have a Lovely Week. Stay well and be blessed. KKK888-2019